Probably to start exploring Athens it is better to begin from its center, the Syntagma Square, which received its name from the uprising in September 3, 1843, when the army and the people demanded from King of Greece Otto to give the Greeks the Constitution ("syntagma" in Greek means "constitution").
Located on Syntagma square the Greek Parliament, once a royal palace, is guarded by the Greek National Guards evzones, the presidential guards whose uniform of short kilts and pom-pom shoes is based on the attire worn by the klephts (the mountain fighters of the War of Independence). And next to the Parliament there is The National Park, founded by the first Greek Queen Amalia.
But, despite the fact that Syntagma Square is the centre of Athens, the zero point and the most central area of the capital is still considered Omonia square, like from Concorde square in Paris, the central avenues in Athens start from Omonia. The circle accesses 3 Septemvriou Street in the north (September 3, exit), Patission Street, Panepistimiou Street (entrance), Agiou Konstantinou Street in the west (formerly entrance/exit, now exit), Panagi Tsaldari Street accessing Pireos Street (formerly entrance/exit, now entrance), Athinas Street (entrance/exit) in the south and now a walkway, while Stadiou Street (named after the ancient Stadium) in the southeast (exit) once continued the circle.
The main shopping street in the center of Athens is Ermou Street, named to honour Hermes, the god of commerce. This pedestrian street leads down to the Syntagma Square and to Monastiraki. Monastiraki is known around the world as "Oriental bazaar" of Athens with endless souvenir and retail shops where you can buy everything, justifying the phrase of Anton Chekhov - "Greece has everything."
From bird's eye view (and from the top of the Acropolis) Athens is seen as a city made of solid stone. The construction boom has spoiled much of the picture that the future king of Greece in 1832 a young Bavarian prince Otto admired so much when he first came to the Attic land. But at that time Athens was still rural where the Attic incredible blue sky shone and the air was so clear and fragrant.
In addition to the Athens National Park area of 15 hectares, founded by Amalia the wife of Otto, the capital can boast with Diomidis Botanical Garden. This is a large garden in the area of Haidari, western Attica with one of the richest collections in the world of flowers and plants from all over the world, which is protected by the state, and which directly taken care of the University of Athens.
Next to the National Park, there is The Zappeion Park with an area of 12 hectares that also has quite a large collection of plants, as well as a great fountain with light which is considered to be the pride of the garden and the city.
The Areos Park is a nice, large, and very relaxing park with old trees, flower beds, lakes and ponds, with a giant statue of the goddess Athena. It is located on Leoforos Alexandras, not far from the National Archeological Museum.
In the north of the capital there is a beautiful garden Galatsi, where the variety of cultural events and festivals take place. It is located near the Olympic Centre Galatsi.
In addition to the gardens there are the remnants of former luxury in Athens like trees planted by kings and queens starting from Queen Olga, a Russian Grand Duchess Olga Konstantinovna, and ending with her sisters, daughters and granddaughters.
What is worth vising in Athens:
The Archaeological Museum Keramikou
The Byzantine and Christian Museum) (St. Vasilissis Sofias, 22, that is, the Queen Sofia
The National Archaeological Museum (St. Tositsa 1)
The New Acropolis Museum (St. Makriyanni 2-4)
The Benaki Museum (St. Kumbari 1)
The Museum of jewelry of Ilya Lalaounis (St. Kallisperi Kariatidon 4A)
Athens Numismatics Museum, located in a house built for his family by a famous German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann (St. Panepistimiou, 12)
The Museum of the Ancient Agora (market)
Russian Holy Trinity Church on St. Filellinon starting from the Syntagma Square
Cathedral on St. Mitropoleos
For those who must daily visit at least one museum exhibition, we can offer more:
The State Historical Museum
The Epigraphy Museum
The Theatre Museum
The Museum of Islamic Art
The Children's Museum
The Military Museum