The White Tower - the symbol of the city of Thessaloniki
The White Tower, which acquired its present appearance and was named "White" one and a half centuries ago, decorates the coat of arms of Thessaloniki. Before that it was not white, but ... Red, Bloody! The tower, which once guarded the Eastern end of the city's sea walls, was for many years attributed to Venice, to which the Byzantines ceded Thessaloniki in 1423. It is now known definitely that the tower was constructed by the Ottomans on the site of more old Byzantine fortification some time after the army of Sultan Murad II captured Thessaloniki in 1430. It is the only tower with a cylindrical structure, while the other 40 defensive towers are rectangular buildings. There was a massacre of the prisoners in the Tower. Owing to the countless victims of Ottoman torturers and executioners, the tower acquired the name "Tower of Blood" or "Red Tower". It is said that later on the tower was painted white symbolizing the act of purification.
Roman Agora, the Forum, built in 2-3 centuries. BC Acropolis (Eptapirgio - Seven Towers)
The ensemble of the Emperor Galerius:
The Arch of Galerius (Kamara) - the symbol of Thessaloniki as the White Tower, built in the 3rd century AD during the rule of the Emperor Galerius and the reliefs on the Arch can tell us of the victory over the Persians.
Rotunda, the Church of Agios Georgios (St George) is the mausoleum of the Emperor Galerius which was converted into a Christian church by the Emperor Theodosius. The Rotunda is one of the oldest of Thessaloniki's constructions. It is now a museum.
The Palace of Galerius, in the center of the Roman Agora of Thessaloniki.
Thessaloniki Hippodrome, the place where the Thessaloniki massacre took place. The Massacre of Thessaloniki was a retaliatory action by the Roman Emperor Theodosius I in 390 against the inhabitants of Thessaloniki; 7000 of them were slaughtered here.
The Byzantine monuments:
The Church of Agiou Dimitriou (St. Demetrius), the Saint Patron of the city of Thessaloniki, built in the 5th century (413 AD), on the site of the martyrdom of the saint. It was destroyed by fire, rebuilt and began to function again after the Second World War.
The Church of Agias Ekaterinis (St Catherine) of 14 century.
The Church of Agias Sophias, the construction of 7th century.
The Church of Agion Apostolon (the Holy Apostles), 14th century.
The Church of Agios Nikolaos Orfanos (St Nicholas Orphanos), 14th century.
The Church of Agios Panteleimonas, 14th century.
The Church of the Acheiropoietos (gr. not made by hands) built in the 5th century, with amazing frescoes dating back to the 13th century.
Vlatadon Monastery, 14th century.
The Church of Osiou David (St David of Thessaloniki).
The Church of Panagia Chalkeon of 1028. In 1988 included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage sites, along with other early Christian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki.
The Church of Profitis Ilias (Elijah the Prophet), 14th century.
The Byzantine Baths of the Ano Poli (Upper Town) 13 в.
Geni Tzami (The New Mosque) is a former mosque built by the Italian architect Vitaliano Poselli in 1902. Since 1924 there have been hosted an old Archaeological Museum of Thessalonikh.
Alatza Imaret Tzami (“alatza” - tur. many-coloured), 1484.
Hamza-Bey Tzami, 1467; rebuilt in 1620.
The Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki, where one of the largest collections of antiquities of Macedonia are displayed.
The Museum of Byzantine Culture in Thessaloniki, awarded by the Council of Europe with Museum Prize 2005.
The White Tower Museum.
The Museum of the Macedonian Struggle.
The Εethnographic Museum of Thessaloniki.
Atatürk’s House Museum.
The Jewish Museum of Thessaloniki.
The Museum of Ancient Greek, Byzantine and post-Byzantine Musical Instruments.
The State Museum of Contemporary Art, which houses a collection of Russian avant-garde of George Costakis purchased by the museum in 1997.
The Macedonian Museum of Contemporary Art.
Thessaloniki Science Center and Technology Museum (NOESIS).
The Railway Museum
The Military Museum.
Telloglio Foundation of Arts.
The Cinema Museum.
The Museum of Photography.
The Olympic (Sports) Museum of Thessaloniki.